Articles A-Z

List of articles about conditions and treatments available within the Symptom Finder.

absence> 3 menstrual periods

Amenorrhea (pronounced ey-men-uh-REE-uh or uh-men-uh-REE-uh ) is the medical term for the absence of a period. Amenorrhea is not a disease, but it can be a symptom of another condition. Primary amenorrhea occurs when a girl has not had her first peri...

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Acne

In acne (pimples), the sebaceous glands in the skin are inflamed. Almost everyone suffers from breakouts at some point in their lives. It starts with greasy secretion of the sebaceous glands most common on the face, neck, back , shoulders and upper...

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Acne (Rosacea)

Rosacea (ro-ZAY-she-ah) is a chronic (or long-term) disease that causes red skin and pimples, usually on the face. It can cause eye problems and, in advanced stages, cause thicker skin. While there is no cure for rosacea, treatments are available to ...

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Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Leukemia is a broad term for cancers of the blood cells. The type of leukemia depends on the type of blood cell that becomes cancer and whether it is growing quickly or slowly. Leukemia is most common in adults over the age of 55, but it is also the ...

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Acute Respiratory distress Syndrome

Also known as acute lung injury, ARDS, non-cardiac pulmonary edema Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a serious lung condition that causes low levels of oxygen in the blood. People who develop ARDS are usually sick with another illness or ...

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Acute Respiratory distress Syndrome

Also known as acute lung injury, ARDS, non-cardiac pulmonary edema Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a serious lung condition that causes low levels of oxygen in the blood. People who develop ARDS are usually sick with another illness or ...

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Adrenal Cancer

Cancer of the adrenal cortex (also called cancer of the adrenal cortex) is rare. Certain hereditary conditions increase the risk of adrenal cancer....

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Adrenal Disease

Adrenal disorders occur when the adrenal glands produce too much or too little hormone. Adrenal function can also be affected by hormones produced by other glands in the body, such as the pituitary gland, or by hormones introduced from the outside. T...

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AED (Automatic External Defibrillator)

Also known as automated external defibrillator (AED), implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), portable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) Defibrillators are devices that restore a normal heartbeat by sending an electrical pulse or shock to the he...

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Agina pectoris

Also known as Angina Pectoris, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Microvascular Angina, Prinzmetal Angina, Stable Angina, Unstable Angina, Variant Angina, Vasospastic Angina, Cardiac Syndrome X Learn and español Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs ...

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Allergy

What is an allergy? In an allergic reaction, the human immune system, also known as the immune system, reacts to substances to which it should not react. The substances that people react to in such a case are also called allergens. Examples of ...

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Allergy checker

From now on you can find out faster which allergy best suits your symptoms. Within the symptom finder, you can determine which allergy best suits your symptoms, based on 2 feeds or symptoms. See here for the complete list of allergies....

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Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is a disease that causes round patches of hair loss. It can lead to total hair loss. Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease. That means that your immune system, which normally helps protect the body against infection and disease, is...

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Alopecia cicatricialis (hair loss)

Cicatricial alopecia, also called scarred alopecia, is a group of rare conditions that destroy hair follicles, the part of the skin from which hair grows. The follicles are replaced with scar tissue, causing permanent hair loss. Symptoms Hair loss ca...

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Alpha-1 antitrypsinedeficiëntie

Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is a genetic condition that increases your risk of lung disease and other diseases. AAT is a protein. If you don't make enough AAT, your lungs are more likely to be damaged by cigarette smoking or environmenta...

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Amblyopia (Lazy eye)

What is Amblyopia? Amblyopia (also called lazy eye) is a type of poor vision that affects only one eye. It develops when there is a malfunction in the way the brain and eye work together, and the brain cannot recognize the vision of one eye. Over ti...

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And coli

Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria live in the intestines of humans and animals and are key to a healthy intestinal tract. Most E. coli strains are harmless, but some can cause diarrhea from contact with contaminated food or water, while other strai...

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Anemia

Anemia is a condition where your blood has a lower than normal number of red blood cells or hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that helps red blood cells transport oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. When you are anemic, your b...

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Aneurysm

Also known as Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA), Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm (TAA) An aneurysm is a balloon-like bulge in an artery. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood from your heart to your organs. Aortic aneurysms are aneurysms that occur in t...

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Anophthalmia - microphthalmia

What are anophthalmia and microfthalmia? Anophthalmia and microfthalmia are often used interchangeably. Microphthalmia is a condition where one or both eyes are abnormally small, while anophthalmia is the absence of one or both eyes. These rare condi...

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Anuskanker

The number of anal cancer cases has increased in recent decades. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main risk factor for anal cancer....

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Aplastic anemia

Also known as bone marrow failure Aplastic anemia is a rare but serious blood disorder that occurs when your bone marrow cannot make enough new blood cells for your body to function normally. Aplastic anemia occurs as a result of damage to stem cells...

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Are symptom seekers reliable?

More and more people search the internet for possible diagnoses prior to the doctor's visit. But is this actually wise and what are the right tools? Below we provide a list of articles that we have come across in recent years on this topic. ## ...

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Artery Disease - Atherosclerosis

Also known as arteriosclerosis, hardening of arteries Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up in your blood vessels. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque hardens and ...

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Arthritis

"Arthritis" literally means joint inflammation. Although joint inflammation is a symptom or sign rather than a specific diagnosis, the term arthritis is often used to refer to a condition that affects the joints. Joints are places where two...

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Asthma

Asthma is a chronic (long-term) condition that affects the airways in the lungs. The airways are tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs. If you have asthma, the airways can sometimes become inflamed and narrow. Asthma affects people of all age...

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Athlete's foot

What is athlete's foot? Athlete's foot is a fungal infection on the stratum corneum of the skin, which usually occurs between the toes.Studies show that about 20% of Dutch people occasionally suffer from this condition. Causes Regular warm and moi...

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Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis, often referred to as eczema, is a chronic (long-term) disease that causes inflammation, redness and irritation of the skin. It is a very common condition that usually starts in childhood; however, anyone can get the disease. Atopic...

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Atopic eczema

Atopic dermatitis, also called eczema, is a non-contagious inflammatory skin condition. It is a chronic disease characterized by dry, itchy skin that can weep clear liquid when scratched. People with eczema can also be particularly susceptible to bac...

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Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common types of arrhythmias, which are irregular heart rhythms. Atrial fibrillation causes your heart to beat much faster than normal. Also, the upper and lower chambers of your heart don't work together as ...

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Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition characterized by an ongoing pattern of inattention and / or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development. Inattention means that a person strays from task, la...

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Autism

ASD is a complex developmental disorder that affects how a person behaves, interacts with others, communicates and learns. NICHD is one of several federal agencies and NIH institutes working to understand ASD. NICHD supports and researches what cause...

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Auto-inflammatory

Your immune system is the network of cells and tissues throughout your body that work together to protect you from viruses, bacteria and infections. It tries to identify, kill and eliminate the intruders that could hurt you. Parts of the immune syste...

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Autoimmune disease

Your immune system is the network of cells and tissues throughout your body that work together to protect you from viruses, bacteria and infections. It tries to identify, kill and eliminate the intruders that could hurt you. What happens in autoimmun...

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Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome (ALPS)

Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a rare genetic disorder of the immune system first described by NIH scientists in the mid 1990s that affects both children and adults. In ALPS, unusually high numbers of white blood cells called lymph...

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Backache

Back pain is one of the most common medical problems in the United States. It can range from a dull, constant pain to a sudden, sharp pain. Sometimes it can come on suddenly - from an accident, a fall, or lifting something heavy, or it can develop sl...

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Bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common vaginal infection in women of childbearing age. It increases the risk of sexually transmitted infections and may play a role in preterm labor. The NICHD is one of several federal agencies and NIH institutes...

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BBT-test (Basal Body Temperature-test)

Broda Barnes described a simple and accurate test in 1976 to diagnose an underactive or overactive thyroid. This is because these abnormalities are often missed when performing a blood test, with all the associated consequences. How is the test g...

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Behcet syndrome

Behçet's disease is a chronic condition that causes mouth or genital ulcers and inflammation in parts of the eye. In some people, the disease also causes arthritis (swollen, painful, stiff joints), skin problems and inflammation of the digestive...

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Bietti's crystalline dystrophy (BCD)

What is Bietti's crystalline dystrophy? Bietti's crystalline dystrophy (BCD) is an inherited eye disease named after Dr. GB Bietti, an Italian ophthalmologist who described three patients with similar symptoms in 1937. This disease is also kn...

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Bile duct cancer

Liver cancer includes hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma). Risk factors for HCC include chronic infection with hepatitis B or C and cirrhosis of the liver....

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Bindvliesontsteking (conjunctivitis)

Pink eye, or conjunctivitis, causes swelling and redness on the inside of your eyelid and the white part of your eye. Your eye may also be itchy and painful. Pink eyes are common and some types of pink eyes spread very easily. You can avoid spreadin...

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Birth control

Contraception makes it possible to prevent pregnancy and to plan the time of pregnancy. Some methods can also protect against infections. Modern contraceptive methods include oral contraceptives (such as birth control pills), vaginal contraceptive ri...

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Birth defects

Birth defects are structural (how the body is built) or functional (how the body works) abnormalities present at birth that can cause physical disabilities, intellectual and developmental disabilities, and other health problems. This information focu...

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Bladder cancer

The most common form of bladder cancer is transitional cell carcinoma, also called urothelial carcinoma. Smoking is a major risk factor for bladder cancer. Bladder cancer is often diagnosed at an early stage....

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Blepharitis - inflamed eyelid

Blepharitis is a common eye condition where your eyelids are red, swollen, irritated, and itchy. It can cause crunchy dandruff flakes on your lashes. Blepharitis can be uncomfortable. But it is not contagious and usually does not cause permanent dam...

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Blepharospasm

Blepharospasm (also called benign essential blepharospasm) is blinking or other eyelid movements, such as twitching, that you cannot control. Eyelid twitches usually go away on their own. But people with benign essential blepharospasm can develop se...

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Blood flow disorder

Also known as Hemophilia, Von Willebrand disease, Coagulation Disorders, Coagulation Disorders, Coagulation Factor Deficiencies Bleeding disorders are rare conditions that affect the way the body regulates blood clotting. If your blood doesn't cl...

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Bone decalcification (osteoporosis)

Osteoporosis is a bone disease that occurs when bone mineral density and bone mass decrease, or when the quality or structure of bone changes. This can lead to a decrease in bone strength which can increase the risk of fractures (broken bones). Osteo...

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Bone marrow transplant

Also known as Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant, Hematopoietic Cell Transplant, Autologous Transplant, Allogeneic Transplant A blood or bone marrow transplant replaces abnormal blood-forming stem cells with healthy cells When the healthy stem cells ...

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Botanicals

Bone cancer is rare and includes several types. Some bone cancers, including osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma, are most often seen in children and young adults....

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Brain tumor

Brain and spinal cord tumors (also known as the central nervous system or CNS) can be benign or malignant....

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Breast cancer

Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in women after skin cancer. Mammograms can detect breast cancer early, possibly before it has spread....

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Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding provides a baby with essential calories, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients for optimal growth, health and development. Breastfeeding is beneficial for both a mother and her child and also provides an important opportunity for the c...

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Bronchiectasis

Bronchiectasis (brong-ke-EK-ta-sis) is a condition in which damage to the airways causes them to dilate, floppy and scar. The airways are tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs. Bronchiectasis usually results from an infection or other conditi...

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Bronchitus

Bronchitis is a condition in which the airways in the lungs called bronchi become inflamed and cause coughing, often with mucus. Bronchitis can be acute or chronic. When you breathe in, air passes through your airways, called your bronchi and bronchi...

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Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Also known as lung development arrest, evolving chronic lung disease, neonatal chronic lung disease, respiratory failure Bronchopulmonary dysplasia, or BPD, is a serious lung condition that affects newborns. BPD mainly affects premature newborns who ...

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Bursitis

Bursitis is the inflammation of the bursa, a small fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between a bone and other moving parts, such as muscles, tendons, or skin. In bursitis, the bursa turns red and fluid increases, causing swelling and pain. Symp...

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Cancer in children

A cancer diagnosis is troubling at any age, but especially if the patient is a child. It is normal to have many questions such as: Who should treat my child? Will my child get better? What does all this mean for our family? Not all questions have an ...

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Cancers in children

A cancer diagnosis is troubling at any age, but especially if the patient is a child. It is normal to have many questions such as: Who should treat my child? Will my child get better? What does all of this mean for our family? Not all questions have ...

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Carcinoma of unknown primary

Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) occurs when cancer cells have spread in the body and formed metastatic tumors, but the location of the primary cancer is unknown....

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Cardiac arrest - Heart failure

Also known as cardiac arrest, sudden cardiac death Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is a condition in which the heart suddenly and unexpectedly stops beating. When this happens, blood stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs. SCA usually causes d...

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Cardiac catheterization

Also known as Cardiac cath, cardiac catheterization Cardiac catheterization is a medical procedure used to diagnose and treat certain heart conditions. It allows doctors to take a close look at the heart to detect problems and perform other tests or ...

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Cardiac MRI

Also known as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance A cardiac MRI is a painless imaging test that uses radio waves, magnets, and a computer to create detailed images of your heart. Cardiac MRI can provide detailed information a...

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Cardiogenic shock

Also known as heart shock Cardiogenic shock is a serious condition that occurs when your heart cannot pump enough blood and oxygen to the brain, kidneys, and other vital organs. Cardiogenic shock is considered a medical emergency and must be treated ...

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Cardioversies

Cardioversion is called defibrillation when it is done in an emergency to prevent death from potentially fatal ventricular arrhythmias that can lead to sudden cardiac arrest. Alternatively, your doctor may schedule cardioversion as a way to treat arr...

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Carotid endarteriëctomy

Also known as carotid artery surgery Carotid endarterectomy is surgery that removes the build-up of plaque from a carotid artery in your neck. This surgery is performed to restore normal blood flow to the brain to prevent stroke if you already have s...

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Carotid heart disease

Carotid artery disease is a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up in the carotid arteries. You have two common carotid arteries, one on each side of your neck. They each divide into internal and external carotid arteries. The inte...

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Carotid ultrasound

Also known as Carotid Duplex Carotid ultrasound is a painless imaging test that uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the inside of your carotid arteries. This test uses an ultrasound machine, which includes a computer, a screen, and a ...

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Catheterablatie

Also known as cardiac catheter ablation. Catheter ablation is a procedure that uses energy to create tiny scars in your heart tissue to prevent abnormal electrical signals from passing through your heart. Radio frequency (RF) ablation uses high-energ...

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Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy (pronounced suh-REE-bruhl or SER-uh-bruhl PAWL-zee) describes a group of neurological disorders that start in childhood or early childhood and mainly affect exercise, but in more severe cases may also be associated with intellectual di...

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Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is almost always caused by infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV)....

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Chicken-pox

Smallpox, caused by the variola virus, was a highly contagious infectious disease that caused infected individuals to develop a fever and a progressive, disfiguring rash. Three out of ten people infected with smallpox died. Many survivors have perman...

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Childbirth

"Labor" and "childbirth" describe the process of childbirth. Contractions of the uterus and changes in the cervix (opening of the uterus) prepare a woman's body for delivery. Then the baby is born and the placenta follows. NIC...

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Cholera

Cholera is an acute diarrheal disease caused by infection of the gut with the bacteria Vibrio cholerae. There are an estimated 3-5 million cases and more than 100,000 deaths worldwide every year. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but c...

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Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)

Cerebral visual impairment (also called cortical visual impairment or CVI) is a condition caused by damage to the parts of the brain that process vision. It is most common in infants and young children, but can continue into adulthood. A child with ...

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Circadian arrhythmias

Also known as sleep-wake cycle disorders Circadian rhythm disturbances are problems that occur when your sleep-wake cycle is not well adapted to your environment and interferes with your daily activities. You have a biological clock that controls the...

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Collapsed lung

Also known as collapsed lung Atelectasis is a condition in which the airways and air sacs in the lung collapse or do not expand properly. Atelectasis can occur when there is an airway blockage, when pressure outside the lung prevents it from expandin...

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Collision and children

Driving involves risks for any driver. But for teens, motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause of death. Since teens and other inexperienced drivers are still developing their sanity behind the wheel, they are especially likely to risk driving. ...

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Coloboom

Coloboma comes from a Greek word meaning "curtailed". It is used to describe conditions where normal tissue in or around the eye is missing from birth. To understand coloboma, it is helpful to be familiar with the normal structure and appe...

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Colon cancer

Colorectal cancer often starts as a growth called a polyp in the colon or rectum. Finding and removing polyps can prevent colorectal cancer....

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Color blindness

If you have color blindness, it means that you see colors differently from most people. Usually color blindness makes it difficult to tell the difference between certain colors. Most of the time, color blindness runs in families. There is no cure, b...

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Congenital muscular dystrophy

MD refers to a group of more than 30 genetic diseases characterized by muscle weakness and loss, leading to decreased motor function and coordination. MD progresses or gets worse over time. Some forms of MD appear in childhood or childhood, while oth...

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Congenital Pachyonychia

Pachyonychia congenita is a very rare genetic condition that mainly affects the skin and nails. The disorder is usually seen from birth or early in life, and affects people of both sexes and all racial and ethnic groups. What happens with pachyonychi...

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Convergence insufficiency (CI)

Convergence insufficiency (CI) is a condition in which a person's eyes tend to drift outward when looking at objects at close distances, and their ability to converge (turn the eyes towards each other) is insufficient . People with CI can develo...

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COPD

Also known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a progressive disease that makes breathing difficult. Progressive means that the disease gets worse over time. COPD can cause a cough pr...

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Corneal disease

The cornea is the clear, outermost layer on the front of the eye. The cornea helps your eye focus the light so you can see clearly. What are the main types of corneal disease? There are several common conditions that affect the cornea . Injuries . S...

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Coronaire angiography

Coronary angiography is a procedure that uses contrast dye, which usually contains iodine, and X-rays to look for blockages in the coronary arteries caused by plaque build-up. Blockages prevent your heart from getting oxygen and important nutrients. ...

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Coronary artery disease

Also known as coronary artery disease, coronary microvascular disease, coronary syndrome X, ischemic heart disease, non-obstructive coronary artery disease, obstructive coronary artery disease Heart disease is a collective term for a variety of condi...

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Coronary Bypass Transplant

Also known as Heart Bypass Surgery Coronary bypass graft (CABG) is a procedure to improve poor blood flow to the heart. It may be necessary when the arteries that supply blood to the heart tissue, called coronary arteries, are narrowed or blocked. Th...

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Coronary calciumscan

Also known as Calcium Scan Test A coronary calcium scan is a CT scan of your heart that detects and measures the amount of calcium in the walls of your coronary arteries. Calcium build-up or calcifications are a sign of atherosclerosis or ischemic he...

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Cough

A cough is your body's natural reflex to clear irritants from your airways and prevent infection. Common irritants are smoke, mucus, or allergens such as pollen, mold, or dust. Some medical conditions or drugs irritate the nerve endings in your a...

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COVID-19

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that usually cause mild to moderate upper respiratory illnesses, such as the common cold. However, three new coronaviruses have emerged from animal reservoirs in the past two decades, causing serious and wi...

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COVID-19 overview

On this page you can find how to recognize, prevent and treat COVID-19 (Corona). Introduction A new coronavirus, also known as SARS-CoV-2, started in December 2019 in the Wuhan region of China. This virus can cause the disease COVID-19. U...

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CPAP (continuous Positive Airway Pressure)

Also known as continuous positive airway pressure CPAP is a treatment that uses mild air pressure to keep your airways open. This involves using a CPAP machine with a mask or other device that fits over your nose or nose and mouth, straps to position...

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CT scan of the chest

Also called chest CT , X-Ray Computed Tomography (CT x) , computed axial tomography scan (CAT scan) A chest CT scan is a more detailed type of chest X-ray. This painless imaging test takes many detailed pictures, called slices, of your lungs and the ...

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Cushing syndrome

Cushing's syndrome (also called hypercortisolism) is a condition that occurs when a person's body is exposed to too much of the hormone cortisol or a drug similar to cortisol for too long. The syndrome is usually caused by taking certain dru...

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Cystic fibrosis

Also known as CF Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic condition that affects a protein in the body. People with cystic fibrosis have a faulty protein that attacks the body's cells, tissues, and the glands that produce mucus and sweat. Mucus is norma...

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Dash dieet

DASH is a flexible and balanced eating plan that helps create a heart-healthy eating style for life. The DASH eating plan does not require any special foods and instead provides daily and weekly nutritional goals. This plan recommends: Eat vegetables...

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Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Also known as blood clots, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE). Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a condition that includes deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep...

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Defibrillators

Also known as automated external defibrillator (AED), implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), portable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) Defibrillators are devices that restore a normal heartbeat by sending an electrical pulse or shock to the he...

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Dengue fever

Dengue fever is an infectious disease transmitted by mosquitoes and caused by one of four related dengue viruses. This disease used to be called "fracture" fever because it sometimes causes severe joint and muscle pain that feels as if bone...

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Depression

What is depression? With depression you suffer from a gloomy feeling for a longer time than 2 weeks. You do not feel like doing something, you can have little of others and are easily angry. There are different types of depression, each with its ow...

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Developmental delay

Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDDs) are a primary focus of the NICHD's research support. IDDs encompass a variety of different types of disabilities and conditions, including those that affect the nervous system, metabolism and cel...

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Diabetes - Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition in which the body's blood sugar and the hormone insulin are out of balance. It is one of the most common diseases in the United States, and the number is constantly increasing. There are three main types of diabetes: Type...

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Diabetic (retinopathy)

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye condition that can cause vision loss and blindness in people with diabetes. It affects the blood vessels in the retina (the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of your eye). If you have diabetes, it is importan...

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Diffuse intravascular coagulation

Also known as consumption coagulopathy Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a rare but serious condition that causes abnormal clotting by the body's blood vessels. It is caused by another disease or condition, such as an infection or i...

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Disease process of the future

A disease process is quite simple in theory, but in practice we see that the step between diagnosis and treatment is often accompanied by "trial and errors". Think of searching for the correct diagnosis with the corresponding treatment ##. This disea...

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Donate blood

Also known as Giving Blood, Donating Blood, Blood Drive, Apheresis Volunteer blood donation is a safe and simple procedure in which a donor gives one of the following blood products: whole blood, red blood cells, plasma, or platelets. Volunteers dona...

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Down's syndrome

Down syndrome is a set of cognitive and physical symptoms that result from having an extra chromosome 21 or an extra piece of that chromosome. It is the most common chromosomal cause of mild to moderate intellectual disability. People with Down synd...

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Dry eyes

Dry eyes occur when your eyes don't tear enough to stay wet, or when your tears aren't working properly. This can make your eyes feel uncomfortable and in some cases it can also cause vision problems. Dry eyes are common - it affects million...

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Ear infection

What is an ear infection? An ear infection is inflammation of the middle ear, usually caused by bacteria, that occurs when fluid builds up behind the eardrum. Anyone can get an ear infection, but children get them more often than adults. Five out of ...

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Ebola virus

Ebola virus disease, first recognized in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1976, is a serious and often fatal disease in humans and non-human primates. Four of the six known virus species of the Ebola virus genus are known to infect humans and caus...

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ECG

Also known as EKG, EKG An electrocardiogram, also called an EKG or EKG, is a simple, painless test that detects and records your heart's electrical activity. An EKG can show how fast your heart is beating, whether the rhythm of your heartbeats is...

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Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a disease in which tissue resembling the lining of the uterus grows elsewhere in the body. The word endometriosis comes from the word "endometrium" - endo means "inside" and metrium means "womb," where a...

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Epidermolysis bullosa

Epidermolysis bullosa is a group of rare diseases that make the skin fragile and easily blister. Tears, sores, and blisters form in the skin when something rubs or bumps the skin. & nbsp; They can be anywhere on the body. In severe cases, blisters ...

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Esophageal cancer

The most common forms of esophageal cancer are adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. These two forms of esophageal cancer usually develop in different parts of the esophagus and are driven by different genetic changes....

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Exercise test

Also known as Exercise stress test, treadmill test A stress test measures how healthy your heart is and how well it works during physical stress. Some heart problems are easier to diagnose when your heart is working hard to pump blood around your bod...

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Extracraniële kiemceltumoren

Extracranial germ cell tumors are tumors that arise from germ cells (fetal cells that give rise to sperm and eggs) and can form in many parts of the body. They are most common in teens and can often be cured....

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Extragonadale kiemceltumoren

Extragonadal germ cell tumors arise from germ cells (fetal cells that give rise to sperm and eggs). Extragonadal germ cell tumors form outside the gonads (testicles and ovaries)....

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Eye cylinder abnormality (astigmatism)

What Is Astigmatism? Astigmatism is a common eye problem that can make your vision blurry or distorted. It happens when your cornea (the clear front layer of your eye) or lens (an inner part of your eye that helps focus the eye) has a different shape...

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Fanconi anemia

Also known as Fanconi's Anemia, FA Fanconi anemia is a rare but serious blood disease that prevents your bone marrow from making enough new blood cells for your body to function normally. It can also cause your bone marrow, the spongy tissue in y...

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Farsightedness (difficulty seeing up close)

Farsightedness is a refractive error that makes nearby objects appear blurry. It happens when the shape of the eye focuses light behind the retina (a light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of your eye), instead of onto it. Read more about refra...

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Feochromocytoom

Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma are rare tumors that can be benign (not cancer) or malignant. Pheochromocytomas form in the adrenal glands and paragangliomas usually along nerve pathways in the head, neck, and spine....

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Fibreuze dysplasia

Fibrous dysplasia occurs when abnormally fibrous (scar-like) tissue replaces healthy bone. The fibrous tissue weakens the bone over time, which can lead to fractures (fractures) and deformed bones. Some people with fibrous dysplasia have no or only a...

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Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes widespread pain and tenderness, along with a number of other symptoms. While fibromyalgia is often considered an arthritis-related condition, it is not really a form of arthritis (a disease of the joint...

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Flu

Influenza or the flu is a contagious respiratory tract infection caused by various flu viruses that infect the nose, throat and lungs. People infected with the seasonal flu virus feel miserable for a week or so from fever, chills, muscle pain, cough,...

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Flying flies (zwevers)

Floaters are small dark shapes that float through your view. They can look like spots, threads, squiggly lines, or even tiny spider webs. Most people have floaters that come and go, and they often don't need treatment. But sometimes floaters can ...

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Fragile X syndrome

The genetic disorder Fragile X syndrome, which results from mutations in a gene on the X chromosome, is the most commonly inherited form of developmental and intellectual disability. The NICHD supports and conducts research on the diagnosis, treatmen...

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Fragile X-associated Primary Ovarian Failure (FXPOI)

In 1991 scientists supported by NICHD discovered the gene ( FMR1 ) that causes Fragile X syndrome (FXS) on the X chromosome. FXS is the most common form of hereditary intellectual and developmental disabilities. More recently, researchers have identi...

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Fragile X-Associated Tremor and Ataxia Syndrome (FXTAS)

Fragile X-associated tremor and ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) is a late-onset condition (occurs in people over 50 years old) that develops in some men and women with altered form of the fragile X gene. Those with FXTAS do not have the intellectual or devel...

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From now on SNOMED CT compatible

From now on, symptomszoeker.nl, the first in the Netherlands, compatible with international terminology system SNOMED CT. What is SNOMED CT? SNOMED CT is the international medical terminology system to ensure that healthcare information system...

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Fungal infection

Fungal diseases are caused by a wide variety of fungi that are common in the environment. Invasive fungal infections are rare in healthy people, but fungi can cause serious infections in individuals with weakened immune systems. Fungi live outdoors i...

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Gallbladder cancer

Gallbladder cancer is a rare cancer that is usually diagnosed late in the absence of early signs and symptoms. It is sometimes found when the gallbladder is checked for gallstones or removed....

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Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors

Gastrointestinal (GI) carcinoid tumors are slow-growing tumors that form in the gastrointestinal tract, mainly in the rectum, small intestine, or appendix....

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Gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors

Gastrointestinal (GI) carcinoid tumors are slow-growing tumors that form in the gastrointestinal tract, mainly in the rectum, small intestine, or appendix....

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Genetic therapy

Also known as Gene Transfer, Genome Editing, Gene Addition Genetic therapies are designed to treat or cure conditions by correcting problems in your DNA. Your DNA, including specific genes, contains instructions for making proteins essential for good...

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Gestationele trofoblastziekte (GTD)

Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) is a general term for rare tumors that arise from the tissues surrounding the fertilized egg. GTD is often found early and is usually cured. Hydatidiform mole (HM) is the most common type of GTD....

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Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that can cause vision loss and blindness by damaging a nerve in the back of your eye called the optic nerve. The symptoms can start so slowly that you may not notice them. The only way to find out if you have gl...

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Gonorrhea (STD)

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease that can infect both men and women. Caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, gonorrhea can cause infections in the genitals, rectum and throat. Although treatable, drug-resistant forms of gonorrhea ar...

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Gout

Gout is a type of inflammatory arthritis that causes pain and swelling in your joints, usually as flares that last for a week or two and then go away. Gout attacks often start in your big toe or lower limb. Gout occurs when high levels of serum urate...

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Group A streptococcal infections

Group A streptococcal infections (GAD) can range from a mild skin infection or sore throat to serious, life-threatening conditions. Most people are familiar with strep throat, which is the most common form of the disease along with minor skin infecti...

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Growth plate injuries

The growth plate is the area of tissue near the ends of long bones in children and teens that determines the future length and shape of the adult bone. Each long bone has at least two growth plates, one on each end, and they are longer than they are ...

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Hair loss

What is hair loss? The slow loss of hair (androgenic alopecia) happens to a large part of society and is therefore part of the aging process. Some even start from the age of 20.Furthermore, it is predominantly more common in men than in women. At ag...

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Hartblok

Also known as Heart Block Conduction disturbance is a problem with the electrical system that makes your heart beat and regulates its speed and rhythm. This system is called the cardiac conduction system. Normally, the electrical signal that makes yo...

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Hartgeruis

A heart murmur is an unusual sound heard between heartbeats. Noise sometimes sounds like a whooshing or swinging sound. Murmurs can be innocent, also innocent or abnormal. Harmless murmurs may not cause symptoms and can occur when blood is moving thr...

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Hartontsteking (endocarditis)

Also known as endocarditis, myocarditis, pericarditis Inflammation is your body's response to infection or injury. It can affect many parts of the body and is a cause of many important diseases, including cancer, ischemic heart disease and autoim...

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Hay fever

What is hay fever? Hay fever (rhinitis) is an allergic reaction to the airways caused by inhaling pollen that circulates in the air. This pollen can come from different trees, grasses or (un) herbs. The complaints that arise with hay fever a...

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Head and neck cancer

Head and neck cancers include cancers of the larynx, throat, lips, mouth, nose, and salivary glands. Tobacco use, heavy alcohol use, and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection increase the risk of head and neck cancer....

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Heart defect (congenital)

Also known as holes in the heart, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, Fallot tetralogy, patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA), congenital heart disease Congenital heart defects or diseases are problems with the heart structure that are present ...

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Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy)

Cardiomyopathy refers to diseases of the heart muscle. These diseases have many causes, signs and symptoms, and treatments. In cardiomyopathy, the heart muscle becomes enlarged, thick or stiff. In rare cases, the muscle tissue in the heart is replace...

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Heart valve disease

Heart valve disease occurs when one or more of your heart valves are not working properly. The heart has four valves: the tricuspid valve, the pulmonary valve, the mitral valve, and the aortic valve. These valves have tissue flaps that open and close...

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Hemochromatosis (Iron Storage Disease)

Hemochromatosis (HE-mo-kro-ma-TO-sis) is a disease in which too much iron builds up in your body (iron overload). Iron is a mineral found in many foods. Too much iron is toxic to your body. It can poison your organs and cause organ failure. In hemoch...

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Hemolytic anemia

Hemolytic anemia is a blood disorder that occurs when your red blood cells are destroyed faster than they can be replaced. Red blood cells develop in the bone marrow, the spongy tissue in your bones. Your body normally destroys old or faulty red bloo...

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Hepatitis

Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. Viruses are the most common cause of hepatitis, but the condition can also be caused by other infections, heavy alcohol use, toxins, certain medications and autoimmune diseases. There are five main virus types ...

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Hereditary connective tissue disorder

Hereditary connective tissue disorders are a family of more than 200 disorders that affect tissues between cells that give tissues shape and strength. All of these diseases are directly related to problems in genes responsible for the construction of...

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Heupprothese

Hip replacement, or hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which an orthopedic surgeon removes the diseased parts of the hip joint and replaces it with new, artificial parts. These artificial parts mimic the function of the normal hip joint. Yo...

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Hidradenitis Suppurativa (huidontsteking)

Hidradenitis suppurativa, also known as acne inversa, is a chronic, non-contagious, inflammatory condition characterized by pimple-like bumps or boils and tunnels or channels on and under the skin. Pus-filled bumps on the skin or hard bumps under the...

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High blood triglycerides

High blood triglycerides are high blood levels of a type of fat or lipid called triglycerides. Your body makes or gets triglycerides from the food you eat. High blood triglycerides are a type of lipid disorder or dyslipidemia. This condition can occu...

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High bloodpressure

Also known as hypertension High blood pressure is a common disease that occurs when blood flows through your arteries at a higher than normal pressure. Your blood pressure is made up of two numbers: systolic and diastolic. Systolic pressure is the pr...

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HIV / AIDS

HIV, or the human immunodeficiency virus, is the virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) and can be transmitted during sexual intercourse; dividing by syringes; or perinatally during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding. Since t...

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Holter examination (24 or 48 hour recording of the heart rhythm

Also known as ambulatory ECG or EKG, continuous EKG or EKG, ECG event monitors Holter and event monitors are small, portable electrocardiogram devices that record your heart's electrical activity over a long period of time while you perform your ...

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How do I stop snoring?

About 10-50 of the people snore, the majority of which are men. Snoring often causes a bad night's sleep for the partner and there is a great need for a fitting solution. That is why we briefly explain the most common causes and the associated treatm...

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How Europe Plans To Return To Ordinary Work In The Office

Article provided by jobsora.com After the quarantine, things return to normal (or what the new normal will look like). Mandatory stay-at-home laws will be repealed and some other restrictions lifted, making returning to normal work the next logi...

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How healthy are you eating?

From now on you can search on symptomzoeker.nl through the Dutch Nutrient Database (NEVO) to see what you can do to eat healthy. See which vegetables are the most healthy to eat or what better to leave. Or do you want to enter all your daily...

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How sleep works

Sleep is a rest period that alternates with vigilance. You have internal body clocks that control when you are awake and when your body is ready to sleep. These clocks have cycles of approximately 24 hours. The clocks are regulated by multiple factor...

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How the lungs work

Your lungs are a pair of organs in your chest. They have a spongy texture and are pinkish-gray in color. When you inhale (inhale), air enters your lungs and oxygen from the air moves from your lungs to your blood. At the same time, carbon dioxide, a ...

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Hypercholesterolemie

Also known as hypercholesterolaemia, dyslipidaemia Cholesterol is a waxy, fatty substance that your body needs for good health, but in the right amounts. Unhealthy cholesterol levels can lead to a condition called high blood cholesterol. Cholesterol ...

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Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis

Also known as Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis, Bird Fancier's Lung, Farmer's Lung, Hot Tub Lung, Humidifier Lung Hypersensitivity pneumonitis is a rare disease of the immune system that affects the lungs. It occurs in some people after they inh...

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Hypoparathyreoïdie

Hypoparathyroidism is a rare disorder of calcium metabolism. 1 The body has four parathyroid glands, the size of a pea and located in the neck behind the thyroid gland. 2 The parathyroid glands make parathyroid hormone (PTH) and are part of the endoc...

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Ichthyosis

Ichthyosis is a group of skin conditions that lead to dry, itchy skin that appears scaly, rough, and red. Symptoms can range from mild to severe. Ichthyosis can only affect the skin, but some forms of the disease can also affect internal organs. Most...

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Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension (IIH)

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) occurs when high pressure around the brain causes symptoms such as vision changes and headaches. "Idiopathic" means unknown cause, "intracranial" means inside the skull and "hyperte...

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Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF)

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a serious chronic disease that affects the tissue around the air sacs or alveoli in your lungs. This condition occurs when that lung tissue becomes thick and stiff for unknown reasons. Over time, these changes c...

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Immune thrombocytopenia

Immune thrombocytopenia (THROM-bo-si-toe-PE-ne-ah), or ITP, is a bleeding disorder. With ITP, the blood does not clot as it should. This is due to a low number of blood cell fragments called platelets (PLATE-lets) or thrombocytes (THROM-bo sites). Pl...

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Impaired cognitive development of a child

Learning disabilities are differences in a person's brain that can affect how well they read, write, speak, count, and perform other similar tasks. Different groups may define 'learning disability' differently, often depending on the focu...

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Infant mortality

Infant mortality refers to the death of an infant between 1 day and 1 year old. (Deaths before the age of 28 days can also be classified as neonatal deaths.) There are many causes of infant mortality, ranging from infections to accidents. The NICHD s...

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Infertility

"Infertility" is a term that describes when a couple is unable to conceive after 1 year of regular, unprotected sex, or after 6 months if the woman is over 35 years old. "Subfertility" is sometimes used to mean the same thing as i...

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Insomnia

Insomnia is a very common sleep disorder. With insomnia, you may have trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, or getting good quality sleep. This happens even though you have the time and the right environment to sleep well. Insomnia interferes with ...

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Interstitial lung diseases

Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are a group of more than 200 different conditions that cause lung scarring. Scar tissue in the lungs can make it more difficult to breathe normally. In ILDs, scarring damages tissues in or around the air sacs and air...

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Interventional coronary percutane

Also known as coronary angioplasty Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), also known as coronary angioplasty, is a non-surgical procedure that improves blood flow to your heart. PCI requires cardiac catheterization, which is the insertion of a cat...

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Intraocular (eye) melanoma

Intraocular (uveal) melanoma is a rare cancer of the eye. It doesn't usually have early signs or symptoms. As with skin melanoma, risk factors include fair skin and light-colored eyes....

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Iron deficiency anemia

Iron deficiency anemia is a common form of anemia that occurs when you don't have enough iron in your body. People with mild or moderate iron deficiency anemia may not have any signs or symptoms. More severe iron deficiency anemia can cause tired...

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Joint replacement surgery

Joint replacement surgery is the removal of a damaged joint and the insertion of a new joint. The doctor may suggest a joint replacement to improve your life. Joint replacement can relieve pain and help you move and feel better. Hips and knees are mo...

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Juvenile arthritis

Juvenile arthritis is a term that describes arthritis in children. "Arthritis" means joint inflammation. Arthritis refers to a group of diseases that cause pain, swelling, stiffness and loss of movement in the joints. A joint is where two o...

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Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer can develop in adults and children. The main types of kidney cancer are renal cell cancer, transitional cell cancer and Wilms tumor. Certain hereditary conditions increase the risk of kidney cancer....

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Klinefelter's syndrome

KS describes a series of physical, linguistic and social developmental symptoms in men with an extra X chromosome. Its main feature is infertility. Outward signs of KS can be subtle, so symptoms are often not recognized and may not be treated in a ti...

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Knee condition

Knee problems occur when you get an injury or develop a disease in your knee and it cannot do its job. Your knee is the joint where the bones of the upper leg meet the bones of the lower leg, allowing for hinge-like movements while providing stabilit...

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Lactose-free? What should you pay attention to?

Often the period before you discover that you have lactose intolerance is accompanied by years of unexplained abdominal pain and diarrhea. When you have finally found that you cannot tolerate lactose, the following question arises: What can I eat or ...

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Learn early

Learning starts in the womb. And from the moment they are born, children begin to interact with the world around them and build critical skills. What they learn in their first few years of life - and how they learn it - can have long-lasting effects...

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Leishmaniasis

Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease transmitted by the bites of infected sand flies. It occurs in nearly 88 countries, from rainforests in Central and South America to deserts in the Middle East and Western Asia. Some cases of the disease have also ...

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Leprosy

Leprosy (Hansen's disease) is a chronic infectious disease mainly affecting the peripheral nerves, skin, upper respiratory tract, eyes and nasal mucosa (mucous membrane of the nose). The disease is caused by a bacillus (rod-shaped) bacteria known...

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Leukemia (blood cancer)

Leukemia is a broad term for cancers of the blood cells. The type of leukemia depends on the type of blood cell that becomes cancer and whether it is growing quickly or slowly. Leukemia is most common in adults over the age of 55, but it is also the ...

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Leukemia (blood cancer)

Leukemia is a broad term for cancers of the blood cells. The type of leukemia depends on the type of blood cell that becomes cancer and whether it is growing quickly or slowly. Leukemia is most common in adults over the age of 55, but it is also the ...

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Lichen sclerosus

Lichen sclerosus is a long-term problem that usually affects the skin in the genital and anal areas. Sometimes lichen sclerosus appears on the upper body, breasts and upper arms. The disease does not cause skin cancer, but it can increase your chance...

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Lime Nagel

A fungal nail is a fungal infection of the nail. These are also called fungal nail. The infection often starts at the nail edge and will then turn a white-yellow, green or brown color. Then the nail becomes thick and crumbly and in some cases may co...

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Liver and bile duct cancer

Liver cancer includes hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma). Risk factors for HCC include chronic infection with hepatitis B or C and cirrhosis of the liver....

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Long VQ-scan

Also known as lung or pulmonary ventilation (V) and perfusion (Q) scans A lung VQ scan is an imaging test that uses a ventilation (V) scan to measure the air flow in your lungs and a perfusion (Q) scan to see where the blood is flowing in your lungs....

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Low bloodpressure

Also known as hypotension Low blood pressure is when blood flows through your arteries at a lower than normal pressure. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as the heart pumps blood. It is usually described ...

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Lung cancer

Lung cancer includes two main types: non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. Smoking causes most lung cancer, but non-smokers can also get lung cancer....

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Lung transplant

Lung transplantation is an operation in which a diseased lung is removed and replaced with a healthy lung. Lung transplants are used to improve the quality of life and extend the life span of people with severe or advanced chronic lung disease. In ra...

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